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- Enhanced tolerance to heat stress in transgenic tomato seeds and seedlings overexpressing a trehalose-6-phosphate synthase/phosphatase fusion gene
- Jae Il Lyu; Ji Hyun Park; J K Kim; C H Bae; Won Joong Jeong; Sung Ran Min; Jang Ryol Liu
- Bibliographic Citation
- Plant Biotechnology Reports, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 399-408
- Publication Year
- A fusion gene coding for trehalose-6-phosphate synthase/phosphatase (TPSP) derived from Escherichia coli was introduced into tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum cv. Joyful) to generate overexpressing lines and enhance the level of trehalose in the seeds. Trehalose has been implicated in tolerance to abiotic stress in plants, so the response to heat stress of seeds from the transgenic lines and seeds from wild-type plants were compared. Wild-type heat-treated seeds had a germination rate of 17%, while four transgenic lines had germination rates over 50% following heat stress. In one heat-treated transgenic line, 100% of the seeds germinated, and therefore had a germination rate six times that of seeds from wild-type plants. Moreover, quantitative PCR revealed that the expression of diverse genes that respond to heat stress was enhanced in TPSP transgenic seeds compared to wild-type seeds 150 min after the onset of heat stress. The enhanced germination rate and expression of these genes in the transgenic seeds were essentially mimicked in wild-type seeds treated with 1 mM exogenous trehalose. Therefore, accumulated trehalose and associated metabolites may act as signaling molecules that enhance the expression of heat stress-responsive genes and confer heat-stress tolerance to seeds.
- Heat stressHeat stress-responsive genesSolanum lycopersicumTomatoTrehalose
- Appears in Collections:
- Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering Research Institute > Cell Factory Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Research on National Challenges > Plant Systems Engineering Research > 1. Journal Articles
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