A novel and safe small molecule enhances hair follicle regeneration by facilitating metabolic reprogramming

Cited 10 time in scopus
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Title
A novel and safe small molecule enhances hair follicle regeneration by facilitating metabolic reprogramming
Author(s)
Myung Jin Son; J K Jeong; Youjeong Kwon; Jae Sung Ryu; Seon Ju Mun; Hye Jin Kim; S W Kim; S Yoo; J Kook; H Lee; Janghwan KimKyung-Sook Chung
Bibliographic Citation
Experimental and Molecular Medicine, vol. 50, no. 12, pp. 160-160
Publication Year
2018
Abstract
Targeting hair follicle regeneration has been investigated for the treatment of hair loss, and fundamental studies investigating stem cells and their niche have been described. However, knowledge of stem cell metabolism and the specific regulation of bioenergetics during the hair regeneration process is currently insufficient. Here, we report the hair regrowth-promoting effect of a newly synthesized novel small molecule, IM176OUT05 (IM), which activates stem cell metabolism. IM facilitated stemness induction and maintenance during an induced pluripotent stem cell generation process. IM treatment mildly inhibited mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation and concurrently increased glycolysis, which accelerated stemness induction during the early phase of reprogramming. More importantly, the topical application of IM accelerated hair follicle regeneration by stimulating the progression of the hair follicle cycle to the anagen phase and increased the hair follicle number in mice. Furthermore, the stem cell population with a glycolytic metabotype appeared slightly earlier in the IM-treated mice. Stem cell and niche signaling involved in the hair regeneration process was also activated by the IM treatment during the early phase of hair follicle regeneration. Overall, these results show that the novel small molecule IM promotes tissue regeneration, specifically in hair regrowth, by restructuring the metabolic configuration of stem cells.
ISSN
I000-0028
Publisher
Springer-Nature Pub Group
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s12276-018-0185-z
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Research on National Challenges > Stem Cell Convergenece Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Research on National Challenges > 1. Journal Articles
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