Biosensors & Bioelectronics, vol. 130, pp. 225-229
This study demonstrates a novel and rapid antibacterial susceptibility testing (AST) method, called fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) probe-based AST (F-AST), which relies on a nuclease-activated FRET probe that detects bacterial nucleases released by antibiotic-induced bacterial lysis. Three quality control (QC) strains and two additional clinically important strains were tested, and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values from both gold standard AST method (broth microdilution (BMD)) and the new F-AST method were compared. The resulting fluorescence signals from the F-AST method were obtained within 3-6h and were consistent with MIC values obtained from the BMD method, which took more than 16h. Thus, the F-AST method is a simple and rapid tool to detect antibacterial susceptibility, including MIC values, and provides a basis for rapid clinical treatments.