Ubiquitination of MAP1LC3B by pVHL is associated with autophagy and cell death in renal cell carcinoma

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Ubiquitination of MAP1LC3B by pVHL is associated with autophagy and cell death in renal cell carcinoma
Hyun Mi KangKyung Hee Noh; Tae Kyung Chang; Dongmin Park; Hyun Soo ChoJung Hwa LimCho Rok Jung
Bibliographic Citation
Cell Death & Disease, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 279-279
Publication Year
Von Hippel Lindau (VHL) expression is significantly decreased in high-grade RCC, and autophagy, which is involved in tumor growth, invasion, differentiation, and metastasis, is activated in various human cancers. However, the relationship of autophagy and VHL in tumor progression remains controversial. Here, we showed that the expression levels of VHL and microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3B (MAP1LC3B, LC3B) were inversely correlated with various tumor grades of RCC tissues. pVHL was found to possess the LIR motif within a beta domain that interacted with MAP1LC3B and ubiquitinated it. The L101A VHL mutant failed to interact with MAP1LC3B, thereby failing to induce ubiquitination. MAP1LC3B-mediated autophagy was inhibited by functional pVHL and the ubiquitination of MAPLC3B was implicated in autophagy-induced cell death. We screened various autophagy inducers to determine the physiological function of the inhibition of LC3B-mediated autophagy by pVHL using VHL-deficient and VHL-expressing cell lines. MLN9708, a proteasome inhibitor, potently induced autophagy via the induction of MAP1LC3B and sensitized the cell to autophagy-mediated cell death in VHL-deficient and VHL-mutant (L101A) cells. In conclusion, our results showed that pVHL interacts with MAPL1LC3B and inhibits LC3B-mediated autophagy via MAP1LC3B ubiquitination. Furthermore, the activation of autophagy by the proteasome inhibitor MLN9708 induced cell death, indicating that MLN9708 can be used for VHL-deficient RCC therapy.
Springer-Nature Pub Group
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Division of Research on National Challenges > Stem Cell Convergenece Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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