Design, synthesis, and discovery of novel oxindoles bearing 3-heterocycles as species-specific and combinatorial agents in eradicating Staphylococcus species

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Title
Design, synthesis, and discovery of novel oxindoles bearing 3-heterocycles as species-specific and combinatorial agents in eradicating Staphylococcus species
Author(s)
J Shin; K B S Magar; Jung Woon Lee; K S Kim; Y R Lee
Bibliographic Citation
Scientific Reports, vol. 9, pp. 8012-8012
Publication Year
2019
Abstract
A series of new functionalized 3-indolylindolin-2-ones, 3-(1-methylpyrrol-2-yl)indolin-2-ones, and 3-(thiophen-2-yl)indolin-2-ones were synthesized by using novel indium (III)-catalysed reaction of various 3-diazoindolin-2-ones with indoles, 1-methylpyrrole, or thiophene via one-pot procedure. The newly synthesized compounds were characterized and screened for their in vitro antibacterial activity against various Staphylococcus species, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. results revealed that five compounds KS15, KS16, KS17, KS19, and KS20 exhibited potent and specific antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus species albeit inactive against Gram-negative bacteria. Especially, compounds exhibited superior antibacterial potency against Staphylococcus epidermidis compared to the reference drug streptomycin. The most potential compound KS16 also increased the susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus to ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, kanamycin, and streptomycin. Among them, KS16 was found to be a synergistic compound with gentamicin and kanamycin. Furthermore, the cellular level of autolysin protein was increased from the KS16-treated Staphylococcus aureus cells. Finally, in vitro CCK-8 assays showed that KS16 exhibited no cytotoxicity at the minimum inhibitory concentrations used for killing Staphylococcus species. From all our results, novel oxindole compounds directly have lethal action or boost existing antibiotic power with the reduction of doses and toxicity in the treatment of multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus species.
ISSN
2045-2322
Publisher
Springer-Nature Pub Group
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-44304-1
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Research on National Challenges > Environmental diseases research center > 1. Journal Articles
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