Cynanchum atratum ameliorates airway inflammation via maintaining alveolar barrier and regulating mast cell-mediated inflammatory responses
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- Cynanchum atratum ameliorates airway inflammation via maintaining alveolar barrier and regulating mast cell-mediated inflammatory responses
- Yeon Yong Kim; Soyoung Lee; Hyun Jae Jang; Gayeong Hur; Seung Woong Lee; Kyungsook Jung; Seung Jae Lee; S H Kim; Mun Chual Rho
- Bibliographic Citation
- American Journal of Chinese Medicine, vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 1795-1814
- Publication Year
- Asthma is a common allergic airway inflammatory disease, characterized by abnormal breathing due to bronchial inflammation. Asthma aggravates the patient's quality of life and needs continuous pharmacological treatment. Therefore, discovery of drugs for the treatment of asthma is an important area of human health. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether Cynanchum atratum extract (CAE) modulates the asthma-like allergic airway inflammation and to study its possible mechanism of action using ovalbumin (OVA)-induced airway inflammation and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice, as well as a mast cell-based in vitro model. The histological analysis showed that CAE reduced the airway constriction and immune cell infiltration. CAE also inhibited release of β -hexosaminidase and expression of inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α , interleukin (IL)-4, and IL-5 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and lung tissues. In addition, CAE reduced the OVA-specific immunoglobulin (Ig) E, total IgE, IgG1, and IgG2a levels in the serum. In the LPS-induced ALI model, CAE suppressed the LPS-induced lung barrier dysfunction and the release of proinflammatory cytokines. Because allergic airway inflammatory responses are associated with the activation of mast cells, RBL-2H3 cells were used to evaluate the underlying mechanism of CAE effects. In RBL-2H3 cells, CAE down-regulated release of β -hexosaminidase and histamine by reducing the intracellular calcium influx. In addition, CAE suppressed the expression of proinflammatory cytokines by inhibiting nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-κ B. Taken together, our findings suggest that CAE may help in the prevention or treatment of airway inflammatory diseases.
- Acute Lung InjuryAllergic Airway InflammationAsthmaCynanchum atratumMast Cells
- World Scientific Publ Co Pte Ltd
- Appears in Collections:
- Jeonbuk Branch Institute > Functional Biomaterial Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Ochang Branch Institute > Division of National Bio-Infrastructure > Bio-Resource Central Bank > 1. Journal Articles
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