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- Acacetin enhances glucose uptake through insulin-independent GLUT4 translocation in L6 myotubes
- Eun-Bin Kwon; Myung Ji Kang; Hyung Won Ryu; Seokhyen Lee; Jae Won Lee; M K Lee; Hyun Sun Lee; Su Ui Lee; Sei-Ryang Oh; Mun-Ock Kim
- Bibliographic Citation
- Phytomedicine, vol. 68, pp. 153178-153178
- Publication Year
Lowering blood glucose levels by increasing glucose uptake in insulin target tissues, such as skeletal muscle and adipose tissue, is one strategy to discover and develop antidiabetic drugs from natural products used as traditional medicines.
Our goal was to reveal the mechanism and activity of acacetin (5,7-dihydroxy-4'-methoxyflavone), one of the major compounds in Agastache rugose, in stimulating glucose uptake in muscle cells.
To determine whether acacetin promotes GLUT4-dependent glucose uptake in cultured L6 skeletal muscle cells, we performed a [14C] 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) uptake assay after treating differentiated L6-GLUT4myc cells with acacetin.
Acacetin dose-dependently increased 2-DG uptake by enhancing GLUT4 translocation to the plasma membrane. Our results revealed that acacetin activated the CaMKII-AMPK pathway by increasing intracellular calcium concentrations. We also found that aPKCλ/ζ phosphorylation and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production were involved in acacetin-induced GLUT4 translocation. Moreover, acacetin-activated AMPK inhibited intracellular lipid accumulation and increased 2-DG uptake in HepG2 cells.
Taken together, these results suggest that acacetin might be useful as an antidiabetic functional ingredient. Subsequent experiments using disease model animals are needed to verify our results.
- AMPKAcacetinAgastache rugosaGLUT4Type 2 diabetes
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- Ochang Branch Institute > Natural Product Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Ochang Branch Institute > 1. Journal Articles
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