Evaluation of cognitive function in adult rhesus monkeys using the finger maze test = 손가락 미로 시험을 이용한 성체 붉은털 원숭이의 인지 기능 평가

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Title
Evaluation of cognitive function in adult rhesus monkeys using the finger maze test = 손가락 미로 시험을 이용한 성체 붉은털 원숭이의 인지 기능 평가
Author(s)
Keonwoo Kim; H A Jeon; Jincheol Seo; Junghyung Park; Jinyoung Won; Hyeon-Gu Yeo; Chang Yeop JeonJae Won HuhYoung-Hyun Kim; Y Hong; J W Choi; Youngjeon Lee
Bibliographic Citation
Applied Animal Behaviour Science, vol. 224, pp. 104945-104945
Publication Year
2020
Abstract
In research on cognitive function, the use of experimental animals is essential for the study of human cognitive processes and mechanisms. Furthermore, non-human primates are necessary for understanding higher cognitive functions in humans. However, there are few cognitive function tests available for non-human primates, Thus, we modified a finger maze test for application to non-human primates. In this study, we assessed learning and memory in 12 adult rhesus monkeys using a finger maze test that was developed to assess cognitive functions in captive non-human primates. The monkeys were trained with moving rewards indicating the correct direction, which allowed the monkeys to obtain the reward. Following training, subjects completed a learning trial and a memory trial two months later. Although the time required for training varied among the monkeys, 11 out of 12 monkeys completed the training and achieved a high success rate in the learning trial as well as in the memory trial conducted 2 months later. This is the first study to apply the finger maze test to adult rhesus monkeys. The finger maze test enabled us to assess learning and memory in several adult rhesus monkeys simultaneously.
Keyword
Cognitive functionFinger mazeLearning testMemory testRhesus monkey
ISSN
0168-1591
Publisher
Elsevier
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2020.104945
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Ochang Branch Institute > Division of Bioinfrastructure > National Primate Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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