SNP in dfr1 coding sequence is tightly associated with anthocyanin accumulation in cabbage (B. oleracea var. capitata f. alba) at low temperature

Cited 4 time in scopus
Metadata Downloads
Title
SNP in dfr1 coding sequence is tightly associated with anthocyanin accumulation in cabbage (B. oleracea var. capitata f. alba) at low temperature
Author(s)
H Song; J I Park; B H Hwang; H Yi; Hyeran Kim; Y Hur
Bibliographic Citation
Agronomy-Basel, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 602-602
Publication Year
2020
Abstract
Keeping green leaf color at the time of harvest is one of the important traits for breeding of Brassica oleracea var. capitata f. alba, and this trait is related to low anthocyanin contents. To understand the differential accumulation of anthocyanins in cabbage, we selected high anthocyanin accumulators (HAAs) and low anthocyanin accumulator (LAAs) of cabbages and examined the anthocyanin content and the expression of anthocyanin biosynthesis-related genes. Among many genes investigated, BoDFR1 was found to be closely related to anthocyanin accumulation, even under low temperature (LT) conditions. BoDFR1 sequence analyses between HAAs and LAAs revealed that there is a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (1118T/A) in the coding sequence, which substitutes one amino acid from Leu261 to His261; we named BoDFR1 with His261 substitution as BoDFR1v. This amino acid substitution did not affect dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR) activity and substrate specificity, but the polymorphism showed tight association to the BoDFR1 expression, i.e., high level expression of BoDFR1 and low level expression of BoDFR1v under LT conditions. The high levels of BoDFR1 expression were due to the high levels of BoMYB114 and BobHLH expressions combined with low level expression of BoMYBL2, a repressor MYB. On the other hand, low levels of BoDFR1v expression seemed to be related to very low level expressions of BoMYB114 and BobHLH combined with a high level expression of BoMYBL2. It seems that different expression levels of these regulatory genes for MBW (MYB-bHLH-WD40) complex between HAAs and LAAs regulate BoDFR expression and anthocyanin accumulation. Using a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) between BoDFR1 and BoDFR1v, molecular markers for PCR and high resolution melt analyses were developed and validated to distinguish between HAAs and LAAs. Combined use of the BoDFR1 SNP marker with other stress markers, such as a cold tolerant marker, will greatly improve cabbage breeding.
Keyword
dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR)anthocyanin contentallelic variationsingle nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)cabbage
ISSN
2073-4395
Publisher
MDPI
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10040602
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
Files in This Item:

Items in OpenAccess@KRIBB are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.