The combination of forskolin and VPA increases gene expression efficiency to the hypoxia/neuron-specific system

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The combination of forskolin and VPA increases gene expression efficiency to the hypoxia/neuron-specific system
Z Pan; J Oh; L Huang; Z Zeng; P Duan; Z Li; Y Yun; Janghwan Kim; Y Ha; K Cao
Bibliographic Citation
Annals of Translational Medicine, vol. 8, no. 15, pp. 933-933
Publication Year
Background: Spinal cord injury (SCI) tends to damage neural tissue and generate a hypoxic environment. Studies have confirmed that single therapy with gene or stem cells is inefficient, but research into combining stem cells and gene therapy in treating tissue damage has been undertaken to overcome the related limitations, which include low gene delivery efficiency and therapeutic outcome. Thus, a combination of stem cells, gene therapy, and a hypoxia-specific system may be useful for the reconstruction of SCI. Methods: To synergistically treat SCI, a combined platform using a hypoxia/neuron-inducible gene expression system (HNIS) and human induced-neural stem cells (hiNSCs) produced by direct reprogramming was designed. Sox2- or nestin-positive hiNSCs were differentiated to Tuj1-, MAP2-, or NeuN-positive neurons. Results: HNIS showed consistent hypoxia/neuron-specific gene expression in hiNSCs cultured under hypoxia. In particular, the HNIS-hiNSC combined platform revealed a complex pattern with higher gene expression compared with a single platform. In addition, we found that an optimal combination of small molecules, such as CHIR99021, valproic acid (VPA), glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK3β), and histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors, could significantly enhance gene expression with HNIS-hiNSCs in the hypoxic environment. Conclusions: This experiment demonstrated that HNIS-hiNSCs combined with GSK3 and HDAC inhibitors may present another promising strategy in the treatment of SCI.
Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK3)histone deacetylase (HDAC)hypoxia/neuron-specific systemsmall moleculespinal cord injury (SCI)
Ame Publ Co
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Division of Research on National Challenges > Stem Cell Convergenece Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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