VGLL1 phosphorylation and activation promotes gastric cancer malignancy via TGF-β/ERK/RSK2 signaling

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Title
VGLL1 phosphorylation and activation promotes gastric cancer malignancy via TGF-β/ERK/RSK2 signaling
Author(s)
Joo-Young Im; Da Mi Kim; Hyunkyung Park; Mi-Jung Kang; Da Yoon Kijm; K Y Chang; Bo Kyung KimMi Sun Won
Bibliographic Citation
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta-Molecular Cell Research, vol. 1868, pp. 118892-118892
Publication Year
2021
Abstract
We previously reported that vestigial-like 1 (VGLL1), a cofactor of transcriptional enhanced associate domain 4 (TEAD4), is transcriptionally regulated by PI3K and β-catenin signaling and is involved in gastric cancer malignancy. However, the precise mechanism underlying the regulation of VGLL1 activation remains unknown. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the molecular mechanism underlying the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)-mediated activation of VGLL1 and the VGLL1-TEAD4 interaction in gastric cancer cells. We showed that TGF-β enhanced VGLL1 phosphorylation and that this phosphorylated VGLL1 functioned as a transcription cofactor of TEAD4 in NUGC3 cells. TGF-β also increased the phosphorylation of ERK and ribosomal S6 kinase 2 (RSK2) in NUGC3 cells, thereby triggering the translocation of phosphorylated RSK2 to the nucleus. Site-directed mutagenesis and immunoprecipitation experiments revealed that RSK2 phosphorylated VGLL1 at S84 in the presence of TGF-β. Mutation of VGLL1 at S84 suppressed VGLL1-TEAD4 binding and the subsequent transcriptional activation of matrix metalloprotease 9 (MMP9). Moreover, VGLL1 peptide containing S84 suppressed the TGF-β-induced MMP9 expression and reduced the invasion and proliferation of gastric cancer cells, whereas VGLL1 peptide containing S84A did not. Furthermore, suppression of expression or activation of VGLL1 enhances the therapeutic effects of lapatinib. Collectively, these results indicate that VGLL1 phosphorylation via TGF-β/ERK/RSK2 signaling plays a crucial role in MMP9-mediated malignancy of gastric cancer. In addition, our study highlights the therapeutic potential of the peptide containing VGLL1 S84 for the treatment of gastric cancer.
Keyword
Gastric cancerVGLL1TEAD4MMP9TGF-βRSK2
ISSN
0167-4889
Publisher
Elsevier
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamcr.2020.118892
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Personalized Genomic Medicine Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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