WHAMM is essential for spindle formation and spindle actin polymerization in maturing mouse oocytes

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Title
WHAMM is essential for spindle formation and spindle actin polymerization in maturing mouse oocytes
Author(s)
Yu-Jin Jo; Jeongwoo Kwon; Z L Jin; S Namgoong; Taeho KwonSeung-Bin YoonDong Ho LeeJi-Su Kim; N H Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Cell Cycle, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 225-235
Publication Year
2021
Abstract
WHAMM (WAS Protein Homolog Associated with Actin, Golgi Membranes, and Microtubules) is involved in Golgi membrane association, microtubule binding, and actin nucleation as a nucleation-promoting factor, which activates the actin-related protein 2/3 complex (the Arp2/3 complex). However, the role of WHAMM in mammalian oocyte maturation is poorly understood. The presence of WHAMM mRNA and protein during all stages of mouse oocyte maturation has been verified. It is mainly co-localized with the actin cage permeating the spindle during mouse oocyte maturation. Through the knockdown of WHAMM, we confirmed that it regulates spindle formation and affects the localization of the microtubule-organizing center (MTOC) during the early stages of spindle formation. Moreover, depletion of WHAMM impaired the formation of the spindle actin and chromosome alignment, which might be the cause of chromosomal aneuploidy and abnormal, asymmetric division. Treatment with brefeldin A (BFA), an inhibitor of vesicle transport from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the Golgi apparatus, induced abnormal and dispersed localization of WHAMM. Taken together, these findings show that WHAMM is an essential component of the actin cytoskeleton machinery and plays a crucial role in oocyte maturation, presumably by controlling the formation of spindles with normal length by activating the formation of the spindle actin via the Arp2/3 complex.
Keyword
Oocyte maturationSpindle actinWHAMMCytoskeletonPolar body extrusion
ISSN
1538-4101
Publisher
T&F (Taylor & Francis)
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15384101.2020.1867791
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Jeonbuk Branch Institute > Primate Resources Center > 1. Journal Articles
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