The molecular and pathophysiological functions of members of the LNX/PDZRN E3 ubiquitin ligase family

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The molecular and pathophysiological functions of members of the LNX/PDZRN E3 ubiquitin ligase family
J Hong; Minho Won; H Ro
Bibliographic Citation
Molecules, vol. 25, no. 24, pp. 5938-5938
Publication Year
The ligand of Numb protein-X (LNX) family, also known as the PDZRN family, is composed of four discrete RING-type E3 ubiquitin ligases (LNX1, LNX2, LNX3, and LNX4), and LNX5 which may not act as an E3 ubiquitin ligase owing to the lack of the RING domain. As the name implies, LNX1 and LNX2 were initially studied for exerting E3 ubiquitin ligase activity on their substrate Numb protein, whose stability was negatively regulated by LNX1 and LNX2 via the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. LNX proteins may have versatile molecular, cellular, and developmental functions, considering the fact that besides these proteins, none of the E3 ubiquitin ligases have multiple PDZ (PSD95, DLGA, ZO-1) domains, which are regarded as important protein-interacting modules. Thus far, various proteins have been isolated as LNX-interacting proteins. Evidence from studies performed over the last two decades have suggested that members of the LNX family play various pathophysiological roles primarily by modulating the function of substrate proteins involved in several different intracellular or intercellular signaling cascades. As the binding partners of RING-type E3s, a large number of substrates of LNX proteins undergo degradation through ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) dependent or lysosomal pathways, potentially altering key signaling pathways. In this review, we highlight recent and relevant findings on the molecular and cellular functions of the members of the LNX family and discuss the role of the erroneous regulation of these proteins in disease progression.
LNXPDZRNRINGPDZ domainE3 ubiquitin ligaseUPSLysosomal pathwayDiseasefluorescent probeNile-redBiothiolsLiving cellsTheoretical calculations
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Division of Bio Technology Innovation > BioProcess Engineering Center > 1. Journal Articles
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