Clostridium vitabionis sp. nov., isolated from the large intestine of a mini-pig

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Title
Clostridium vitabionis sp. nov., isolated from the large intestine of a mini-pig
Author(s)
Yeseul Shin; Jayoung Paek; H Kim; J K Kook; Young Hyo Chang
Bibliographic Citation
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, vol. 71, no. 3, pp. 004694-004694
Publication Year
2021
Abstract
An obligately anaerobic, Gram-stain-negative, spore-forming, short rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain YH- T4B42T, was isolated from the large intestine of a mini-pig. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the isolate belongs to the genus Clostridium and is most closely related to Clostridium aminophilum KCTC 5424T, Clostridium symbiosum KCTC 15329T and Clostridium butyricum KCTC 1871T, with 95.5, 92.4 and 83.0?% sequence similarity, respectively. The average nucleotide identity values for strain YH-T4B42T and the closest related strains were lower than 72?%. The G+C content of the isolate was 55.8?mol%. The cell-wall peptidoglycan was A1γ type and contained meso-diaminopimelic acid. The predominant fatty acids were C16?:?0, C18?:?1 cis 9, C14?:?0 and C18?:?0. The major end products of glucose fermentation were lactate, formate and acetate, with a minor amount of butyrate. Based on its phenotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic properties, a novel species, Clostridium vitabionis sp. nov., is proposed for strain YH-T4B42T (=KCTC 25105T=NBRC 114767T).
Keyword
Clostridium vitabionis sp. novAnaerobicGenomeNew speciesMini-pig
ISSN
1466-5026
Publisher
Microbiology Soc
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijsem.0.004694
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Ochang Branch Institute > Division of Bioinfrastructure > ABS Research Support Center > 1. Journal Articles
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