Identification of molecules from coffee silverskin that suppresses myostatin activity and improves muscle mass and strength in mice

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Title
Identification of molecules from coffee silverskin that suppresses myostatin activity and improves muscle mass and strength in mice
Author(s)
J H Kim; J H Kim; Jun-Pil JangJae-Hyuk Jang; D H Jin; Y S Kim; H J Jin
Bibliographic Citation
Molecules, vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 2676-2676
Publication Year
2021
Abstract
Coffee has been shown to attenuate sarcopenia, the age-associated muscle atrophy. Myostatin (MSTN), a member of the TGF-β growth/differentiation factor superfamily, is a potent negative regulator of skeletal muscle mass, and MSTN-inhibition increases muscle mass or prevents muscle atrophy. This study, thus, investigated the presence of MSTN-inhibitory capacity in coffee extracts. The ethanol-extract of coffee silverskin (CSE) but not other extracts demonstrated anti-MSTN activity in a pGL3-(CAGA)12-luciferase reporter gene assay. CSE also blocked Smad3 phosphorylation induced by MSTN but not by GDF11 or Activin A in Western blot analysis, demonstrating its capacity to block the binding of MSTN to its receptor. Oral administration of CSE significantly increased forelimb muscle mass and grip strength in mice. Using solvent partitioning, solid-phase chromatography, and reverse-phase HPLC, two peaks having MSTN-inhibitory capacity were purified from CSE. The two peaks were identified as βN-arachinoyl-5-hydroxytryptamide (C20-5HT) and βN-behenoyl-5-hydroxytryptamide (C22-5HT) using mass spectrometry and NMR analysis. In summary, the results show that CSE has the MSTN-inhibitory capacity, and C20-5HT and C22-5HT are active components of CSE-suppressing MSTN activity, suggesting the potential of CSE, C20-5HT, and C22-5HT being developed as agents to combat muscle atrophy and metabolic syndrome.
Keyword
Coffee silverskinMyostatin inhibitionMuscle atrophyβN-arachinoyl-5-hydroxytryptamideβN-behenoyl-5-hydroxytryptamid
ISSN
1420-3049
Publisher
MDPI
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules26092676
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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