Genetic characterization of feline parvovirus isolate Fe-P2 in Korean cat and serological evidence on its infection in wild leopard cat and Asian badger

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Title
Genetic characterization of feline parvovirus isolate Fe-P2 in Korean cat and serological evidence on its infection in wild leopard cat and Asian badger
Author(s)
Young Ji Kim; Sun Woo Yoon; J H Jang; Dae Gwin Jeong; B J Lee; H K Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Frontiers in Veterinary Science, vol. 8, pp. 650866-650866
Publication Year
2021
Abstract
Feline parvovirus (FPV) is a small, non-enveloped, single-stranded DNA virus that infects cats. We recently isolated a feline parvovirus Fe-P2 strain from a dead stray cat in Iksan, 2017. Its partial genomic sequence (4,643 bases) was obtained, and phylogenetic analysis based on the VP2 nucleotide sequence showed that the FPV Fe-P2 strain was closely related to the FPV isolate Gigucheon in cat, 2017 (MN400978). In addition, we performed a serum neutralization (SN) test with the FPV isolates in various mammalian sera. These were from raccoon dog, water deer, Eurasian otter, Korean hare, leopard cat, and Asian badger, which were kindly provided by Chungnam Wild Animal Rescue Center. Notably, serological evidence of its infection was found in Asian badger, Meles leucurus (2/2) and leopard cat, Prionailurus bengalensis (5/8) through SN tests, whereas there was no evidence in raccoon dog, water deer, Eurasian otter, and Korean hare based on the collected sera in this study. These findings might provide partial evidence for the possible circulation of FPV or its related viruses among wild leopard cat and Asian badger in Korea. There should be additional study to confirm this through direct detection of FPVs in the related animal samples.
Keyword
Feline parvovirusFeline panleukopeniaLeopard catAsian badgerSerum neutralization
ISSN
2297-1769
Publisher
Frontiers Media Sa
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2021.650866
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomaterials Research > Bionanotechnology Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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