Genome-wde association study for ultraviolet-B resistance in soybean (Glycine max L.)

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Genome-wde association study for ultraviolet-B resistance in soybean (Glycine max L.)
T Lee; K D Kim; J M Kim; I Shin; Jinho Heo; J Jung; Juseok Lee; J K Moon; S Kang
Bibliographic Citation
Plants-Basel, vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 1335-1335
Publication Year
The depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer is a major environmental issue and has increased the dosage of ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation reaching the Earth’s surface. Organisms are negatively affected by enhanced UV-B radiation, and especially in crop plants this may lead to severe yield losses. Soybean (Glycine max L.), a major legume crop, is sensitive to UV-B radiation, and therefore, it is required to breed the UV-B-resistant soybean cultivar. In this study, 688 soybean germplasms were phenotyped for two categories, Damage of Leaf Chlorosis (DLC) and Damage of Leaf Shape (DLS), after supplementary UV-B irradiation for 14 days. About 5% of the germplasms showed strong UV-B resistance, and GCS731 was the most resistant genotype. Their phenotypic distributions showed similar patterns to the normal, suggesting UV-B resistance as a quantitative trait governed by polygenes. A total of 688 soybean germplasms were genotyped using the Axiom® Soya 180K SNP array, and a genome-wide association study (GWAS) was conducted to identify SNPs significantly associated with the two traits, DLC and DLS. Five peaks on chromosomes 2, 6, 10, and 11 were significantly associated with either DLC or DLS, and the five adjacent genes were selected as candidate genes responsible for UV-B resistance. Among those candidate genes, Glyma.02g017500 and Glyma.06g103200 encode cryptochrome (CRY) and cryptochrome 1 (CRY1), respectively, and are known to play a role in DNA repair during photoreactivation. Real-time quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) results revealed that CRY1 was expressed significantly higher in the UV-B-resistant soybean compared to the susceptible soybean after 6 h of UV-B irradiation. This study is the first GWAS report on UV-B resistance in soybean, and the results will provide valuable information for breeding UV-B-resistant soybeans in preparation for climate change.
Ultraviolet-BSoybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill.)Genome-wide association study (GWAS)Axiom® Soya 180K SNP arrayDNA repairPhotoreactivationqRT-PCR
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Division of Bio Technology Innovation > Bio-Evaluation Center > 1. Journal Articles
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