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- PKM2 regulates HSP90-mediated stability of the IGF-1R precursor protein and promotes cancer cell survival during hypoxia
- Han Koo; Sangwon Byun; Jieun Seo; Yuri Jung; Dong Chul Lee; Jung Hee Cho; Young Soo Park; Young Il Yeom; Kyung Chan Park
- Bibliographic Citation
- Cancers, vol. 13, no. 15, pp. 3850-3850
- Publication Year
- Insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R), an important factor in promoting cancer cell growth and survival, is commonly upregulated in cancer cells. However, amplification of the IGF1R gene is extremely rare in tumors. Here, we have provided insights into the mechanisms underlying the regulation of IGF-1R protein expression. We found that PKM2 serves as a non-metabolic protein that binds to and increases IGF-1R protein expression by promoting the interaction between IGF-1R and heat-shock protein 90 (HSP90). PKM2 depletion decreases HSP90 binding to IGF-1R precursor, thereby reducing IGF-1R precursor stability and the basal level of mature IGF-1R. Consequently, PKM2 knockdown inhibits the activation of AKT, the key downstream effector of IGF-1R signaling, and increases apoptotic cancer cell death during hypoxia. Notably, we clinically verified the PKM2-regulated expression of IGF-1R through immunohistochemical staining in a tissue microarray of 112 lung cancer patients, demonstrating a significant positive correlation (r = 0.5208, p < 0.0001) between PKM2 and IGF-1R expression. Together, the results of a previous report demonstrated that AKT mediates PKM2 phosphorylation at serine-202; these results suggest that IGF-1R signaling and PKM2 mutually regulate each other to facilitate cell growth and survival, particularly under hypoxic conditions, in solid tumors with dysregulated IGF-1R expression.
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- Division of Biomedical Research > Personalized Genomic Medicine Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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