Reassortant highly pathogenic H5N6 avian influenza virus containing low pathogenic viral genes in a local live poultry market, Vietnam

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Title
Reassortant highly pathogenic H5N6 avian influenza virus containing low pathogenic viral genes in a local live poultry market, Vietnam
Author(s)
T B Le; V P Le; Jieun Lee; J A Kang; T B N Trinh; Hyeok Won LeeDae Gwin JeongSun Woo Yoon
Bibliographic Citation
Current Microbiology, vol. 78, no. 11, pp. 3835-3842
Publication Year
2021
Abstract
Sites of live poultry trade and marketing are hot spots for avian influenza virus (AIV) transmission. We conducted active surveillance at a local live poultry market (LPM) in northern Vietnamese provinces in December 2016. Feces samples from the market were collected and tested for AIV. A new reassorted AIV strain was isolated from female chickens, named A/chicken/Vietnam/AI-1606/2016 (H5N6), and was found to belong to group C of clade 2.3.4.4 H5N6 highly pathogenic (HP) AIVs. The neuraminidase gene belongs to the reassortant B type. The viral genome also contained polymerase basic 2 and polymerase acidic, which were most closely related to domestic-duck-origin low pathogenic AIVs in Japan (H3N8) and Mongolia (H4N6). The other six genes were most closely related to poultry-origin H5N6 HP AIVs in Vietnam and had over 97% sequence identity with human AIV isolate A/Guangzhou/39715/2014 (H5N6). The new reassorted AIV isolate A/chicken/Vietnam/AI-1606/2016 (H5N6) identified in this study exemplifies AIVs reassortment and evolution through contact among wild birds, poultry farms, and LPMs. Therefore, active surveillance of AIVs is necessary to prevent potential threats to human and animal health.
ISSN
0343-8651
Publisher
Springer
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00284-021-02661-z
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Bio Technology Innovation > BioProcess Engineering Center > 1. Journal Articles
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