Gastroprotective effect of myricetin on ethanol-induced acute gastric injury in rats

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Title
Gastroprotective effect of myricetin on ethanol-induced acute gastric injury in rats
Author(s)
H S Park; C S Seo; E B Baek; J H Rho; Young Suk Won; H J Kwun
Bibliographic Citation
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2021, pp. 9968112-9968112
Publication Year
2021
Abstract
The flavonoid myricetin is abundant in vegetables and has various bioactive properties, including anti-inflammatory and antioxidative activities. In the present study, we explored the effects of myricetin on alcohol-induced gastric ulcer in a rat model. To induce gastric ulcer, absolute ethanol (5 mL/kg body weight) was orally administrated to each rat. The positive control and myricetin-treated groups were given oral doses of omeprazole (20 mg/kg) or myricetin (12 mg/kg), respectively, 1 hour prior to the administration of absolute alcohol. We found that pretreatment with myricetin significantly decreased alcohol-induced gastric ulcer, hemorrhage, hyperemia, and epithelial cell loss in the gastric mucosa. Myricetin pretreatment reduced the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) and increased that of total glutathione (GSSG/GSH) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in gastric tissues. In addition, it elevated the expression levels of cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and decreased the phosphorylation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB). Together, these results indicate that myricetin effectively inhibits ethanol-induced acute gastric injury by preventing oxidative damage, stimulating PGE2 production, and inhibiting NF-κB activation. We suggest that myricetin may be an alternative treatment for gastric injury caused by alcohol intake.
ISSN
1741-427X
Publisher
Hindawi Ltd
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2021/9968112
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Ochang Branch Institute > Division of National Bio-Infrastructure > Laboratory Animal Resource & Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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