Downregulation of PyHRG1, encoding a novel secretory protein in the red alga Pyropia yezoensis, enhances heat tolerance

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Title
Downregulation of PyHRG1, encoding a novel secretory protein in the red alga Pyropia yezoensis, enhances heat tolerance
Author(s)
N Han; J Wi; S Im; Ka Min Lim; H D Lee; Won Joong Jeong; G J Kim; C S Kim; E J Park; M S Hwang; D W Choi
Bibliographic Citation
Algae, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 207-217
Publication Year
2021
Abstract
An increase in seawater temperature owing to global warming is expected to substantially limit the growth of marine algae, including Pyropia yezoensis, a commercially valuable red alga. To improve our knowledge of the genes involved in the acquisition of heat tolerance in P. yezoensis, transcriptomes sequences were obtained from both the wild-type SG104 P. yezoensis and heat-tolerant mutant Gy500. We selected 1,251 differentially expressed genes that were up-or downregulated in response to the heat stress condition and in the heat-tolerant mutant Gy500, based on fragment per million reads expression values. Among them, PyHRG1 was downregulated under heat stress in SG104 and expressed at a low level in Gy500. PyHRG1 encodes a secretory protein of 26.5 kDa. PyHRG1 shows no significant sequence homology with any known genes deposited in public databases to date. However, PyHRG1 homologs were found in other red algae, including other Pyropia species. When PyHRG1 was introduced into the single-cell green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, transformed cells overexpressing PyHRG1 showed severely retarded growth. These results demonstrate that PyHRG1 encodes a novel red algae-specific protein and plays a role in heat tolerance in algae. The transcriptome sequences obtained in this study, which include PyHRG1, will facilitate future studies to understand the molecular mechanisms involved in heat tolerance in red algae.
Keyword
Heat stress tolerancePyHRG1Pyropia yezoensisRed algaeTranscriptome
ISSN
1226-2617
Publisher
Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.4490/algae.2021.36.8.26
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering Research Institute > Cell Factory Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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