Gomisin M2 alleviates psoriasis-like skin inflammation by inhibiting inflammatory signaling pathways

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Title
Gomisin M2 alleviates psoriasis-like skin inflammation by inhibiting inflammatory signaling pathways
Author(s)
N Kim; Soyoung Lee; J Kang; T K Kwon; D Khang; S H Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Molecular Medicine Reports, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 859-859
Publication Year
2021
Abstract
Psoriasis, a chronic inflammatory skin disease, is characterized by the excessive proliferation and impaired differentiation of epidermal keratinocytes and is accompanied by the increased infiltration of inflammatory cells. The condition requires long-term treatment and has no definitive cure. Hence, supplements and therapeutic agents have been intensely investigated. Gomisin M2 (GM2), a lignan extracted from Schisandra chinensis (Turcz). Baill. (Schisandraceae; S. chinensis), has demonstrated diverse pharmacological properties, including anticancer, anti-inflammatory and antiallergic effects. Based on these findings, the present study examined the effects of GM2 on an imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis mouse model and on keratinocytes stimulated by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interferon-γ. IMQ was topically applied to the back skin of mice for 7 consecutive days, and the mice were orally administered CD. These results showed that the oral administration of GM2 suppressed the symptoms of psoriasis, as evidenced by reductions in skin thickness, psoriasis area severity index scores for psoriasis lesions, transepidermal water loss and myeloperoxidase (MPO)-associated cell infiltration. Furthermore, GM2 reduced the pathologically increased levels of immunoglobulin G2a, MPO and TNF-α in the serum and T helper (Th)1 and Th17 cell populations in the spleen. GM2 decreased the gene expression of inflammatory-related cytokines and chemokines and inhibited the expression of signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 and nuclear factor?κB in the activated keratinocytes. These results suggested that GM2 from S. chinensis is a potential therapeutic candidate to alleviate psoriasis-like skin inflammation.
Keyword
Gomisin M2PsoriasisKeratinocytesMyeloperoxidaseTh1/Th17 cells
ISSN
1791-2997
Publisher
Spandidos Publ Ltd
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2021.12499
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Jeonbuk Branch Institute > Functional Biomaterial Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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