Tumor immune microenvironment of primary colorectal adenocarcinomas metastasizing to the liver or lungs

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Title
Tumor immune microenvironment of primary colorectal adenocarcinomas metastasizing to the liver or lungs
Author(s)
J C Kim; Y J Ha; I J Park; C W Kim; Y S Yoon; J L Lee; K H Tak; D H Cho; Seonghwan Park; Seon-Kyu KimSeon-Young Kim; Yong Sung Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Surgical Oncology, vol. 124, no. 7, pp. 1136-1145
Publication Year
2021
Abstract
Background: Because of the heterogeneity of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), a genome-wide analysis was performed to characterize the tumor immune microenvironment (TIME). Methods: RNA-seq analysis of 62 primary CRCs without and 63 with systemic metastasis (SM- and SM+ groups) was conducted, and the data were used in a training set after adjustment by propensity score matching. Samples were further subdivided into those with hepatic metastasis (CHM subgroup), pulmonary metastasis (CPM subgroup), or concurrent CHM and CPM (concurrent group). Validation was done by quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction using another 40 primary CRC samples. Results: Compared with the CHM or CPM subgroups, the concurrent group showed upregulated in inflammatory or immune processes, cytokine secretion, and myeloid leukocyte migration. Nine candidate genes were selected: SM-specific IDO1, JAM3, and PDE2A; CHM- or CPM-specific BIRC7; CPM-specific HISI1H2BK, and both SM-specific and CHM- or CPM-specific EPHB6, LPL, THBD, and PPBP. In a validation set of primary CRCs, JAM3 and IDO1 (p = 0.044 and p = 0.036, respectively) were confirmed to show significant upregulation and downregulation, respectively, in the SM+ group, whereas HIST1H2BK (p = 0.017) was significantly upregulated in the CPM subgroup. Conclusions: Our findings indicate that a host-suppressive TIME is established in the primary tumor of mCRC and identify immune-related site-specific markers of mCRC.
Keyword
Colorectal adenocarcinomaImmuneMetastasisMicroenvironmentRNA-seq
ISSN
0022-4790
Publisher
Wiley
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jso.26631
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Personalized Genomic Medicine Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Korea Bioinformation Center > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Biomedical Research > Genome Editing Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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