Knockdown of vps54 aggravates tamoxifen-induced cytotoxicity in fission yeast

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Title
Knockdown of vps54 aggravates tamoxifen-induced cytotoxicity in fission yeast
Author(s)
S Lee; M Nam; A R Lee; S T Baek; M J Kim; J S Kim; A H Kong; M Lee; S J Lee; Seon-Young KimDong Uk Kim; K L Hoe
Bibliographic Citation
Genomics & Informatics, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. e39-e39
Publication Year
2021
Abstract
Tamoxifen (TAM) is an anticancer drug used to treat estrogen receptor (ER)?positive breast cancer. However, its ER-independent cytotoxic and antifungal activities have prompted debates on its mechanism of action. To achieve a better understanding of the ER-independent antifungal action mechanisms of TAM, we systematically identified TAM-sensitive genes through microarray screening of the heterozygous gene deletion library in fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe). Secondary confirmation was followed by a spotting assay, finally yielding 13 TAM-sensitive genes under the drug-induced haploinsufficient condition. For these 13 TAM-sensitive genes, we conducted a comparative analysis of their Gene Ontology (GO) 'biological process' terms identified from other genome-wide screenings of the budding yeast deletion library and the MCF7 breast cancer cell line. Several TAM-sensitive genes overlapped between the yeast strains and MCF7 in GO terms including 'cell cycle' (cdc2, rik1, pas1, and leo1), 'signaling' (sck2, oga1, and cki3), and 'vesicle-mediated transport' (SPCC126.08c, vps54, sec72, and tvp15), suggesting their roles in the ER-independent cytotoxic effects of TAM. We recently reported that the cki3 gene with the 'signaling' GO term was related to the ER-independent antifungal action mechanisms of TAM in yeast. In this study, we report that haploinsufficiency of the essential vps54 gene, which encodes the GARP complex subunit, significantly aggravated TAM sensitivity and led to an enlarged vesicle structure in comparison with the SP286 control strain. These results strongly suggest that the vesicle-mediated transport process might be another action mechanism of the ER-independent antifungal or cytotoxic effects of TAM.
Keyword
AntifungalEstrogen receptorTamoxifenVesiclevps54Yeast
ISSN
I000-0158
Publisher
Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.5808/gi.21049
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Rare Disease Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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