Plasma-activated medium induces ferroptosis by depleting FSP1 in human lung cancer cells

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dc.contributor.authorA Jo-
dc.contributor.authorJ H Bae-
dc.contributor.authorY J Yoon-
dc.contributor.authorT H Chung-
dc.contributor.authorEun-Woo Lee-
dc.contributor.authorY H Kim-
dc.contributor.authorH M Joh-
dc.contributor.authorJ W Chung-
dc.description.abstractCold atmospheric plasma (CAP) that generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) has received considerable scientific attentions as a new type of anticancer. In particular, an indirect treatment method of inducing cancer cell death through plasma-activated medium (PAM), rather than direct plasma treatment has been well established. Although various cell death pathways such as apoptosis, necroptosis, and autophagy have been suggested to be involved in PAM-induced cell death, the involvement of ferroptosis, another type of cell death regulated by lipid ROS is largely unknown. This study reports, that PAM promotes cell death via ferroptosis in human lung cancer cells, and PAM increases intracellular and lipid ROS, thereby resulting in mitochondrial dysfunction. The treatment of cells with N-acetylcysteine, an ROS scavenging agent, or ferrostatin-1, a ferroptosis inhibitor, protects cells against PAM-induced cell death. Interestingly, ferroptosis suppressor protein 1 (FSP1) is downregulated upon PAM treatment. Furthermore, the treatment of cells with iFSP1, an inhibitor of FSP1, further enhances PAM-induced ferroptosis. Finally, this study demonstrates that PAM inhibits tumor growth in a xenograft model with an increase in 4-hydroxynoneal and PTGS2, a byproduct of lipid peroxidation, and a decrease in FSP1 expression. This study will provide new insights into the underlying mechanism and therapeutic strategies of PAM-mediated cancer treatment.-
dc.publisherSpringer-Nature Pub Group-
dc.titlePlasma-activated medium induces ferroptosis by depleting FSP1 in human lung cancer cells-
dc.title.alternativePlasma-activated medium induces ferroptosis by depleting FSP1 in human lung cancer cells-
dc.citation.titleCell Death & Disease-
dc.contributor.affiliatedAuthorEun-Woo Lee-
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationCell Death & Disease, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 212-212-
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Division of Biomedical Research > Metabolic Regulation Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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