Identification of accession-specific variants and development of KASP markers for assessing the genetic makeup of Brassica rapa seeds

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Identification of accession-specific variants and development of KASP markers for assessing the genetic makeup of Brassica rapa seeds
Seongmin Hong; S R Choi; J Kim; Y M Jeong; J S Kim; C H Ahn; Suk Yoon Kwon; Y P Lim; Ah Young ShinYong Min Kim
Bibliographic Citation
BMC Genomics, vol. 23, pp. 326-326
Publication Year
Background: Most crop seeds are F1 hybrids. Seed providers and plant breeders must be confident that the seed supplied to growers is of known, and uniform, genetic makeup. This requires maintenance of pure genotypes of the parental lines and testing to ensure the genetic purity of the F1 seed. Traditionally, seed purity has been assessed with a grow-out test (GOT) in the field, a time consuming and costly venture. Early in the last decade, seed testing with molecular markers was introduced as a replacement for GOT, and Kompetitive allele specific PCR (KASP) markers were recognized as promising tools for genetic testing of seeds. However, the markers available at that time could be inaccurate and applicable to only a small number of accessions or varieties due to the limited genetic information and reference genomes available. Results: We identified 4,925,742 SNPs in 50 accessions of the Brasscia rapa core collection. From these, we identified 2,925 SNPs as accession-specific, considering properties of flanking region harboring accession-specific SNPs and genic region conservation among accessions by the Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) analysis. In total, 100 accession-specific markers were developed as accession-specific KASP markers. Based on the results of our validation experiments, the accession-specific markers successfully distinguised individuals from the mixed population including 50 target accessions from B. rapa core collection and the outgroup. Additionally, the marker set we developed here discriminated F1 hybrids and their parental lines with distinct clusters. Conclusions: This study provides efficient methods for developing KASP markers to distinguish individuals from the mixture comprised of breeding lines and germplasms from the resequencing data of Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa spp. pekinensis).
Seed purity assessmentKASP markerAccession-specifc markerBrassica rapaB. rapa breeding
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