Flooding tolerance in sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam) is mediated by reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide

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Title
Flooding tolerance in sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam) is mediated by reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide
Author(s)
Sul-U Park; Chan-Ju Lee; Sung Chul Park; K J Nam; K L Lee; Sang Soo KwakHo Soo Kim; Y H Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Antioxidants, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 878-878
Publication Year
2022
Abstract
Flooding is harmful to almost all higher plants, including crop species. Most cultivars of the root crop sweet potato are able to tolerate environmental stresses such as drought, high temperature, and high salinity. They are, however, relatively sensitive to flooding stress, which greatly reduces yield and commercial value. Previous transcriptomic analysis of flood-sensitive and flood-resistant sweet potato cultivars identified genes that were likely to contribute to protection against flooding stress, including genes related to ethylene (ET), reactive oxygen species (ROS), and nitric oxide (NO) metabolism. Although each sweet potato cultivar can be classified as either tolerant or sensitive to flooding stress, the molecular mechanisms of flooding resistance in ET, ROS, and NO regulation-mediated responses have not yet been reported. Therefore, this study characterized the regulation of ET, ROS, and NO metabolism in two sweet potato cultivars?one flood-tolerant cultivar and one flood-sensitive cultivar?under early flooding treatment conditions. The expression of ERFVII genes, which are involved in low oxygen signaling, was upregulated in leaves during flooding stress treatments. In addition, levels of respiratory burst oxidase homologs and metallothionein-mediated ROS scavenging were greatly increased in the early stage of flooding in the flood-tolerant sweet potato cultivar compared with the flood-sensitive cultivar. The expression of genes involved in NO biosynthesis and scavenging was also upregulated in the tolerant cultivar. Finally, NO scavenging-related MDHAR expressions and enzymatic activity were higher in the flood-tolerant cultivar than in the flood-sensitive cultivar. These results indicate that, in sweet potato, genes involved in ET, ROS, and NO regulation play an important part in response mechanisms against flooding stress.
Keyword
Ethylene response factorFlooding stressMetallothioneinMonodehydroascorbic acid reductaseResistant cultivarRespiratory burst oxidaseSensitive cultivar
ISSN
2076-3921
Publisher
MDPI
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/antiox11050878
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Jeonbuk Branch Institute > Biological Resource Center > 1. Journal Articles
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