Hereditary spastic paraplegia in Koreans: clinical characteristics and factors influencing the disease severity

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Hereditary spastic paraplegia in Koreans: clinical characteristics and factors influencing the disease severity
J G Do; B J Kim; Nam-Soon Kim; D H Sung
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Clinical Neurology, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 343-350
Publication Year
Background and purpose: Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) progresses over time and is associated with locomotive dysfunction. Understanding the factors affecting disease severity and locomotive function is important in HSP. This study investigated the factors influencing disease severity and ambulation status of HSP. Methods: We consecutively enrolled 109 Korean patients (64 males, and 45 females)from 84 families with a clinical diagnosis of HSP. HSP was primarily diagnosed based on clinical criteria including clinical findings, family history, and supported by genetic studies. Epidemiological and clinical features of the patients were analyzed, and the Spastic Paraplegia Rating Scale (SPRS) score and ambulatory status were used to evaluate disease severity. Results: Ninety-two (84.4%) patients had pure HSP, and 55 (50.4%) had a dominant family history. Thirty-one (28.4%) patients required a mobility aid for locomotion. A Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that HSP patients lost their independent gait ability after a median disease duration of 34 years. Those with an age at onset of ≤18 years had a longer median independent walking time. Pure HSP is characterized by predominant bilateral lower extremity weakness and spasticity, whereas complicated HSP presents more complex neurological findings such as ocular and bulbar symptoms, ataxia, and cognitive impairment. Complicated HSP was significantly correlated with the SPRS mobility score (β=3.70, 95% confidence interval=0.45-6.94). The age at onset and disease duration were significantly correlated with disease severity, and they were significant predictors of the use of a mobility aid (p<0.05). Conclusions: These findings suggest that a later age at onset and longer disease duration are significant factors affecting the disease severity and ambulatory function in patients with HSP. These findings can help clinicians to identify subjects at risk of locomotive impairment.
Hereditary spastic paraplegiaSpastic paraplegialocomotionKorea
Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
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Division of Biomedical Research > Rare Disease Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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