MYB3 plays an important role in lignin and anthocyanin biosynthesis under salt stress condition in Arabidopsis

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Title
MYB3 plays an important role in lignin and anthocyanin biosynthesis under salt stress condition in Arabidopsis
Author(s)
D Kim; S J Jeon; S Yanders; Sung Chul Park; Ho Soo Kim; S Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Plant Cell Reports, vol. 41, no. 7, pp. 1549-1560
Publication Year
2022
Abstract
Nuclear-localized Arabidopsis MYB3 functions as a transcriptional repressor for regulation of lignin and anthocyanin biosynthesis under high salt conditions. Salinity stress is a major factor which reduces plant growth and crop yield worldwide. To improve growth of crops in high salinity environments, plant responses to salinity stress must be tightly controlled. Here, to further understand the regulation of plant responses under high salinity conditions, the function of the MYB3 transcription factor was studied as a repressor to control accumulation of lignin and anthocyanin under salt stress conditions. Nuclear-localized MYB3 forms a homodimer. It is ubiquitously expressed, especially in vascular tissues, with expression highly induced by NaCl in tissues such as roots, leaves, stems, and flowers. myb3 mutant plants exhibited longer root growth in high NaCl conditions than wild-type plants. However, several NaCl responsive genes were not significantly altered in myb3 compared to wild-type. Interestingly, high accumulation of lignin and anthocyanin occurred in myb3 under NaCl treatment, as well as increased expression of genes involved in lignin and anthocyanin biosynthesis, such as phenylalanine ammonia lyase 1 (PAL1), cinnamate 4-hydroxylase (C4H), catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), 4-coumaric acid-CoA ligase (4CL3), dihydroflavonol reductase (DFR), and leucoanthocyanidin dioxygenase (LDOX). According to yeast two-hybrid screenings, various transcription factors, including anthocyanin regulators Transparent Testa 8 (TT8) and Enhancer of Glabra 3 (EGL3), were isolated as MYB3 interacting proteins. MYB3 was characterized as a transcriptional repressor, with its repressor domain located in the C-terminus. Overall, these results suggest that nuclear-localized MYB3 functions as a transcriptional repressor to control lignin and anthocyanin accumulation under salinity stress conditions.
Keyword
MYB3LigninAnthocyaninTranscriptional repressorPhenylpropanoid biosynthesis
ISSN
0721-7714
Publisher
Springer
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00299-022-02878-7
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Research on National Challenges > Plant Systems Engineering Research > 1. Journal Articles
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