Nuclear receptor estrogen-related receptor modulates antimicrobial peptide expression for host innate immunity in Tribolium castaneum

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dc.contributor.authorB Choi-
dc.contributor.authorW R Park-
dc.contributor.authorY J Kim-
dc.contributor.authorS Mun-
dc.contributor.authorSu-Jin Park-
dc.contributor.authorJ H Jeong-
dc.contributor.authorH S Choi-
dc.contributor.authorD K Kim-
dc.description.abstractAntimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are core components of innate immunity to protect insects against microbial infections. Nuclear receptors (NRs) are ligand-dependent transcription factors that can regulate the expression of genes critical for insect development including molting and metamorphosis. However, the role of NRs in host innate immune response to microbial infection remains poorly understood in Tribolium castaneum (T. castaneum). Here, we show that estrogen-related receptor (ERR), an insect ortholog of the mammalian ERR family of NRs, is a novel transcriptional regulator of AMP genes for innate immune response of T. castaneum. Tribolium ERR (TcERR) expression was induced by immune deficiency (IMD)-Relish signaling in response to infection by Escherichia coli (E. coli), a Gram-negative bacterium, as demonstrated in TcIMD-deficient beetles. Interestingly, genome-wide transcriptome analysis of TcERR-deficient old larvae using RNA-sequencing analysis showed that TcERR expression was positively correlated with gene transcription levels of AMPs including attacins, defensins, and coleoptericin. Moreover, chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis revealed that TcERR could directly bind to ERR-response elements on promoters of genes encoding defensin3 and coleoptericin, critical for innate immune response of T. castaneum. Finally, TcERR-deficient old larvae infected with E. coli displayed enhanced bacterial load and significantly less host survival. These findings suggest that TcERR can coordinate transcriptional regulation of AMPs and host innate immune response to bacterial infection.-
dc.titleNuclear receptor estrogen-related receptor modulates antimicrobial peptide expression for host innate immunity in Tribolium castaneum-
dc.title.alternativeNuclear receptor estrogen-related receptor modulates antimicrobial peptide expression for host innate immunity in Tribolium castaneum-
dc.citation.titleInsect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology-
dc.contributor.affiliatedAuthorSu-Jin Park-
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationInsect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, vol. 148, pp. 103816-103816-
dc.subject.keywordNuclear receptor-
dc.subject.keywordEstrogen-related receptor-
dc.subject.keywordInnate immunity-
dc.subject.keywordAntimicrobial peptides-
dc.subject.keywordBacterial infection-
dc.subject.keywordTribolium castaneum-
dc.subject.localNuclear receptor-
dc.subject.localInnate immunity-
dc.subject.localinnate immunity-
dc.subject.localBacterial infection-
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Jeonbuk Branch Institute > Functional Biomaterial Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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