Flavobacterium litorale sp. nov., isolated from red alga

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Title
Flavobacterium litorale sp. nov., isolated from red alga
Author(s)
Neak Muhammad; Ho Le Han; Yong Jae Lee; Jaeho Ko; Tra T H Nguyen; Song-Gun Kim
Bibliographic Citation
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, vol. 72, no. 8, pp. 005458-005458
Publication Year
2022
Abstract
A Gram-stain-negative and rod-shaped bacterial strain (WSW3-B6T) was isolated from red alga collected from the West Sea, Republic of Korea. Cells of strain WSW3-B6T were non-motile, aerobic and produced slightly yellow and mucoid colonies on marine agar. The strain grew optimally at 23-30 °C, with 0.5-4 % NaCl (w/v) and at pH 6.5-8.5. A phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene revealed that strain WSW3-B6T belongs to the genus Flavobacterium within the family Flavobacteriaceae, having the highest sequence similarity to Flavobacterium arcticum SM1502T (96.7%), followed by Flavobacterium salilacus subsp. altitudinum LaA7.5T (96.2%) and Flavobacterium salilacus subsp. salilacus SaA2.12T (96.2%). The complete sequence of a circular chromosome of strain WSW3-B6T determined by combination of Oxford Nanopore and Illumina platforms comprised a total 2 725 095 bp with G+C content of 37.1 mol%. A comparative analysis based on the whole genome also showed the distinctiveness of strain WSW3-B6T. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) values between strain WSW3-B6T and the closest strains F. arcticum SM1502T, F. salilacus subsp. altitudinum LaA7.5T and F. salilacus subsp. salilacus SaA2.12T were 78.3, 77.8 and 77.7 %, respectively, while the digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between strain WSW3-B6T and the above closely related strains were 21.0, 20.4 and 20.3 %, respectively. Both the ANI and dDDH values supported the creation of a new species in the genus Flavobacterium. The major fatty acids (>10 %) were iso-C15 : 0 (19.3 %), C16 : 0 (14.0 %), iso-C17 : 0 3-OH (13.1 %) and C18 : 0 (10.7 %). The polar lipids of strain WSW3-B6T included phosphatidylethanolamine, three unidentified aminolipids and three unidentified lipids. Moreover, MK-6 was the only respiratory quinone. A comparison of the phylogenetic distinctiveness and the unique phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics among strain WSW3-B6T and closely related type strains supported that strain WSW3-B6T (=KCTC 82708T=GDMCC 1.2627T) represents a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium litorale sp. nov. is proposed.
Keyword
BacteroidotaBacteriaSeaweed
ISSN
1466-5026
Publisher
Microbiology Soc
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijsem.0.005458
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Jeonbuk Branch Institute > Biological Resource Center > 1. Journal Articles
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