Kasugamycin is a novel chitinase 1 inhibitor with strong antifibrotic effects on pulmonary fibrosis

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Title
Kasugamycin is a novel chitinase 1 inhibitor with strong antifibrotic effects on pulmonary fibrosis
Author(s)
J H Lee; C M Lee; J H Lee; Mun-Ock Kim; J W Park; S Kamle; B Akosman; E L Herzog; X Y Peng; J A Elias; C G Lee
Bibliographic Citation
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 309-319
Publication Year
2022
Abstract
Pulmonary fibrosis is a devastating lung disease with few therapeutic options. CHIT1 (chitinase 1), an 18 glycosyl hydrolase family member, contributes to the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis through the regulation of TGF-β (transforming growth factor-β) signaling and effector function. Therefore, CHIT1 is a potential therapeutic target for pulmonary fibrosis. This study aimed to identify and characterize a druggable CHIT1 inhibitor with strong antifibrotic activity and minimal toxicity for therapeutic application to pulmonary fibrosis. Extensive screening of small molecule libraries identified the aminoglycoside antibiotic kasugamycin (KSM) as a potent CHIT1 inhibitor. Elevated concentrations of CHIT1 were detected in the lungs of patients with pulmonary fibrosis. In in vivo bleomycin- and TGF-β?stimulated murine models of pulmonary fibrosis, KSM showed impressive antifibrotic effects in both preventive and therapeutic conditions. In vitro studies also demonstrated that KSM inhibits fibrotic macrophage activation, fibroblast proliferation, and myofibroblast transformation. Null mutation of TGFBRAP1 (TGF-β?associated protein 1), a recently identified CHIT1 interacting signaling molecule, phenocopied antifibrotic effects of KSM in in vivo lungs and in vitro fibroblasts responses. KSM inhibits the physical association between CHIT1 and TGFBRAP1, suggesting that the antifibrotic effect of KSM is mediated through regulation of TGFBRAP1, at least in part. These studies demonstrate that KSM is a novel CHIT1 inhibitor with a strong antifibrotic effect that can be further developed as an effective and safe therapeutic drug for pulmonary fibrosis.
Keyword
KasugamycinTGFBRAP1Pulmonary fibrosisChitinase 1TGF-β
ISSN
1044-1549
Publisher
Amer Thoracic Soc
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1165/rcmb.2021-0156OC
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Ochang Branch Institute > Natural Product Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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