Streptococcus ruminicola sp. nov., new species of the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex (SBSEC) isolated from the rumen of Korean domestic ruminants

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Title
Streptococcus ruminicola sp. nov., new species of the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex (SBSEC) isolated from the rumen of Korean domestic ruminants
Author(s)
S Y Park; Neak Muhammad; Song-Gun Kim; Hyemin Kwon; S Seo; J H Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Archives of Microbiology, vol. 204, no. 10, pp. 636-636
Publication Year
2022
Abstract
A total of three Gram-positive, and oxidase and catalase-negative facultative anaerobic non-motile bacteria were isolated from the rumen fluid of cows and goats and these strains were designated CNU_G2T, CNU_77-61, and CNU_G3. They grew at 20-45 °C, pH 6.5-7, and 0-6.5% NaCl (w/v). The G + C contents (%) of the three isolates were 37.9, 37.8 and 37.8, respectively. Phylogenomic analysis indicated that these strains were distinct from other Streptococcus species. The average nucleotide identity between the isolates and the closest strain S. infantarius subsp. infantarius ATCC BAA-102T was 94.0-94.5%, while the digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between the isolates and the aforementioned related strain were 58.2-61.4%, respectively. Fatty acid analysis revealed higher proportions of C16:0 (> 28%) in all three isolates, while the proportion of C18:0 was higher in CNU_G2T (25.8%); however, it was less than 12% in all the representing strains used in the study. The C14:0 composition of strains CNU_77-61 (22.1%) and CNU_G3 (24.1%) was higher than that of type strains of CNU_G2T (8.1%). Based on the morphological, biochemical, and molecular phylogenetic features of the three novel isolates, they represent a novel species of the genus Streptococcus, for which we propose as Streptococcus ruminicola sp. nov. The type strain is CNU_G2T (= KCTC 43308T = GDMCC 1.2785T).
Keyword
SBSECRumen fluidSouth KoreaNovel speciesPolyphasic taxonomyGenome
ISSN
0302-8933
Publisher
Springer
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00203-022-03255-4
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Jeonbuk Branch Institute > Biological Resource Center > 1. Journal Articles
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