Phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor potentiates epigallocatechin 3-O-gallate-induced apoptotic cell death via activation of the cGMP signaling pathway in Caco-2 cells
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- Phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor potentiates epigallocatechin 3-O-gallate-induced apoptotic cell death via activation of the cGMP signaling pathway in Caco-2 cells
- Jaehoon Bae; K Lee; Ji-Sun Park; Jinseok Jung; H Tachibana; Y Fujimura; M Kumazoe; J S Lim; Y C Cho; Seung Jae Lee; Su-Jin Park
- Bibliographic Citation
- Current Issues in Molecular Biology, vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 6247-6256
- Publication Year
- Epigallocatechin 3-O-gallate (EGCG) is a predominant component in green tea with various health benefits. The 67 kDa laminin receptor (67LR) is a nonintegrin cell surface receptor that is overexpressed in various types of cancer; 67LR was identified a cell surface EGCG target that plays a pivotal role in tumor growth, metastasis, and resistance to chemotherapy. However, the plasma concentration of EGCG is limited, and its molecular mechanisms remain unelucidated in colon cancer. In this study, we found that the phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitor, vardenafil (VDN), potentiates EGCG-induced apoptotic cell death in colon cancer cells. The combination of EGCG and VDN induced apoptosis via activation of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase/cyclic guanosine monophosphate/protein kinase Cδ signaling pathway. In conclusion, the PDE5 inhibitor, VDN, may reduce the intracellular PDE5 enzyme activity that potentiates EGCG-induced apoptotic cell death in Caco-2 cells. These results suggest that PDE5 inhibitors can be used to elevate cGMP levels to induce 67LR-mediated, cancer-specific cell death. Therefore, EGCG may be employed as a therapeutic candidate for colon cancer.
- Epigallocatechin 3-O-gallateVardenafilPhosphodiesterase 5Cyclic guanosine monophosphateEndothelial nitric oxide synthase
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- Jeonbuk Branch Institute > Functional Biomaterial Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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