Biotransformation of D-xylose-rich rice Husk hydrolysate by a rice paddy soil bacterium, Priestia sp. strain JY310, to low molecular weight poly(3-hydroxybutyrate)
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- Biotransformation of D-xylose-rich rice Husk hydrolysate by a rice paddy soil bacterium, Priestia sp. strain JY310, to low molecular weight poly(3-hydroxybutyrate)
- J Y Lee; M H Kim; J S Kim; B R Yun; Do Young Kim; C W Chung
- Bibliographic Citation
- Biomolecules, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 131-131
- Publication Year
- Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) is a versatile thermoplastic with superior biodegradability and biocompatibility that is intracellularly accumulated by numerous bacterial and archaeal species. Priestia sp. strain JY310 that was able to efficiently biotransform reducing sugars in d-xylose-rich rice husk hydrolysate (reducing sugarRHH) to PHB was isolated from the soil of a rice paddy. Reducing sugarRHH including 12.5% d-glucose, 75.3% d-xylose, and 12.2% d-arabinose was simply prepared using thermochemical hydrolysis of 3% H2SO4-treated rice husk for 15 min at 121 °C. When cultured with 20 g/L reducing sugarRHH under optimized culture conditions in a batch bioreactor, Priestia sp. strain JY310 could produce PHB homopolymer up to 50.4% of cell dry weight (6.2 g/L). The melting temperature, heat of fusion, and thermal decomposition temperature of PHB were determined to be 167.9 °C, 92.1 J/g, and 268.1 °C, respectively. The number average and weight average molecular weights of PHB with a broad polydispersity index value (4.73) were estimated to be approximately 16.2 and 76.8 kg/mol, respectively. The findings of the present study suggest that Priestia sp. strain JY310 can be exploited as a good candidate for the low-cost production of low molecular weight PHB with improved biodegradability and reduced brittleness from inexpensive agricultural waste hydrolysates.
- Priestia sp.Thermochemical hydrolysisRice husk hydrolysateBiotransformationLow molecular weightPoly(3-hydroxybutyrate)PHB
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- Division of Biomedical Research > Microbiome Convergence Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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