XperCT-guided intra-cisterna magna injection of streptozotocin for establishing an Alzheimer's disease model using the cynomolgus monkey ( Macaca fascicularis)
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- XperCT-guided intra-cisterna magna injection of streptozotocin for establishing an Alzheimer's disease model using the cynomolgus monkey ( Macaca fascicularis)
- Junghyung Park; Jinyoung Won; Chang-Yeop Jeon; Kyung Seob Lim; Won Seok Choi; Sung Hyun Park; Jincheol Seo; Jiyeon Cho; Jung Bae Seong; Hyeon-Gu Yeo; Keonwoo Kim; Yu Gyeong Kim; Minji Kim; K S Yi; Youngjeon Lee
- Bibliographic Citation
- Experimental Neurobiology, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 409-418
- Publication Year
- Till date, researchers have been developing animal models of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in various species to understand the pathological characterization and molecular mechanistic pathways associated with this condition in humans to identify potential therapeutic treatments. A widely recognized AD model that mimics the pathology of human AD involves the intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection with streptozotocin (STZ). However, ICV injection as an invasive approach has several limitations related to complicated surgical procedures. Therefore, in the present study, we created a customized stereotaxic frame using the XperCT-guided system for injecting STZ in cynomolgus monkeys, aiming to establish an AD model. The anatomical structures surrounding the cisterna magna (CM) were confirmed using CT/MRI fusion images of monkey brain with XperCT, the c-arm cone beam computed tomography. XperCT was used to determine the appropriate direction in which the needle tip should be inserted within the CM region. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was collected to confirm the accurate target site when STZ was injected into the CM. Cynomolgus monkeys were administered STZ dissolved in artificial CSF once every week for 4 weeks via intracisterna magna (ICM) injection using XperCT-guided stereotactic system. The molecular mechanisms underlying the progression of STZ-induced AD pathology were analyzed two weeks after the final injection. The monkeys subjected to XperCT-based STZ injection via the ICM route showed features of AD pathology, including markedly enhanced neuronal loss, synaptic impairment, and tau phosphorylation in the hippocampus. These findings suggest a new approach for the construction of neurodegenerative disease models and development of therapeutic strategies.
- Intra-cisterna magnaStreptozotocinAlzheimer’s diseaseCynomolgus monkeyNon-human primates
- Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
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- Ochang Branch Institute > Division of National Bio-Infrastructure > National Primate Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Ochang Branch Institute > Division of National Bio-Infrastructure > Futuristic Animal Resource & Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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