Biosynthesis of aliphatic plastic monomers with amino residues in Yarrowia lipolytica

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Biosynthesis of aliphatic plastic monomers with amino residues in Yarrowia lipolytica
G Park; Y C Kim; Minjeong Jang; H Park; Hong-Weon LeeWoo Young Jeon; B G Kim; K Y Choi; Jungoh Ahn
Bibliographic Citation
Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, vol. 10, pp. 825576-825576
Publication Year
Introduciton: The α,ω-diamines (NH2-(CH2)n-NH2) and ω -amino fatty acids (NH2-(CH2)n-COOH) have been widely used as building blocks in polymerindustries. Medium- to long-chain (C8 to C18) fatty acid monomers with amino residues are almost exclusively produced via chemical processes that generate hazardous waste and induce severe environmental problems, such as global warming and pollution. Here, we present the construction platformstrains of Yarrowia lipolytica a cheese-ripening yeast, for direct biotransformation of hydrocarbons into medium- to long-chain α,ω-diamines and ωamino fatty acids using metabolic engineering of endogenous fatty acid ω- and β-oxidation pathways and introducing heterologous ω-transaminase in Y. lipolytica. Methods: We deleted six genes encoding the acyl-CoA oxidase (ACO1-6) and four fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase genes (FALDH1-4), which catalyze fatty acid β-oxidation and downstream oxidation of fatty aldehydes in Y. lipolytica, respectively. The ω-transaminase from Chromobacterium violaceum DSM30191 was introduced into the genome of the ΔPOX ΔFALDH strain under the control of Y. lipolytica-derived EXP1 promoters. Results and Discussion: The ΔPOX ΔFALDH strains with ω-CvTA successfully accumulated the corresponding C12 αω-diamines into a shaking culture medium with dodecane or dodecanol. In addition, these strains accumulated C12 ω-amino fatty acids from dodecanoic acid. With the commercially available α,ω-diacid bioprocess, this yeast biosynthesis producing medium- and longchain α,ω-diamines and ω-amino fatty acids could complete the yeast platform technology generating all medium- and long-chain aliphatic polyamide monomers, α,ω-biofunctionalized with one or both carboxylic acid and amino residues.
α,ω-diamineω-amino fatty acidsω-oxidationω-transaminationYarrowia lipolyticaMetabolic engineering
Frontiers Media Sa
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Division of Bio Technology Innovation > BioProcess Engineering Center > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Bio Technology Innovation > 1. Journal Articles
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