Shear stress induces monocyte/macrophage-mediated inflammation by upregulating cell-surface expression of heat shock proteins

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Shear stress induces monocyte/macrophage-mediated inflammation by upregulating cell-surface expression of heat shock proteins
H Son; H S Choi; S E Baek; Y H Kim; J Hur; J H Han; Jeong Hee Moon; Ga Seul Lee; Sung Goo Park; C H Woo; S K Eo; S Yoon; B S Kim; D Lee; K Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, vol. 161, pp. 114566-114566
Publication Year
The loss of endothelial cells is associated with the accumulation of monocytes/macrophages underneath the surface of the arteries, where cells are prone to mechanical stimulation, such as shear stress. However, the impact of mechanical stimuli on monocytic cells remains unclear. To assess whether mechanical stress affects monocytic cell function, we examined the expression of inflammatory molecules and surface proteins, whose levels changed following shear stress in human THP-1 cells. Shear stress increased the inflammatory chemokine CCL2, which enhanced the migration of monocytic cells and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)? 1β at transcriptional and protein levels. We identified that the surface levels of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), HSP90, and HSP105 increased using mass spectrometry-based proteomics, which was confirmed by western blot analysis, flow cytometry, and immunofluorescence. Treatment with HSP70/HSP105 and HSP90 inhibitors suppressed the expression and secretion of CCL2 and monocytic cell migration, suggesting an association between HSPs and inflammatory responses. We also demonstrated the coexistence and colocalization of increased HSP90 immunoreactivity and CD68 positive cells in atherosclerotic plaques of ApoE deficient mice fed a high-fat diet and human femoral artery endarterectomy specimens. These results suggest that monocytes/macrophages affected by shear stress polarize to a pro-inflammatory phenotype and increase surface protein levels involved in inflammatory responses. The regulation of the abovementioned HSPs upregulated on the monocytes/macrophages surface may serve as a novel therapeutic target for inflammation due to shear stress.
Heat shock proteinInflammationMacrophageShear stressSurface protein
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Division of Bio Technology Innovation > Core Research Facility & Analysis Center > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Biomedical Research > Disease Target Structure Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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