Secreted Akkermansia muciniphila threonyl-tRNA synthetase functions to monitor and modulate immune homeostasis

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Secreted Akkermansia muciniphila threonyl-tRNA synthetase functions to monitor and modulate immune homeostasis
Su-Man Kim; Shinhye Park; Seung-Ho Hwang; Eun-Young LeeJong-Hwan Kim; Ga Seul Lee; G Lee; Dong-Ho Chang; Jae Geun Lee; Jungwon HwangYoungjin Lee; M Kyung; E K Kim; Jae-Hoon Kim; Tae-Hwan Kim; Jeong Hee Moon; Byoung Chan Kim; G Ko; Seon-Young Kim; J H Ryu; Jeong Soo LeeChul-Ho Lee; J Y Kim; S Kim; W J Lee; Myung Hee Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Cell Host & Microbe, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 1021-1037
Publication Year
Commensal bacteria are critically involved in the establishment of tolerance against inflammatory challenges, the molecular mechanisms of which are just being uncovered. All kingdoms of life produce aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (ARSs). Thus far, the non-translational roles of ARSs have largely been reported in eukaryotes. Here, we report that the threonyl-tRNA synthetase (AmTARS) of the gut-associated bacterium Akkermansia muciniphila is secreted and functions to monitor and modulate immune homeostasis. Secreted AmTARS triggers M2 macrophage polarization and orchestrates the production of anti-inflammatory IL-10 via its unique, evolutionary-acquired regions, which mediates specific interactions with TLR2. This interaction activates the MAPK and PI3K/AKT signaling pathways, which converge on CREB, leading to an efficient production of IL-10 and suppression of the central inflammatory mediator NF-κB. AmTARS restores IL-10-positive macrophages, increases IL-10 levels in the serum, and attenuates the pathological effects in colitis mice. Thus, commensal tRNA synthetases can act as intrinsic mediators that maintain homeostasis.
Elsevier-Cell Press
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Microbiome Convergence Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Bio Technology Innovation > Core Research Facility & Analysis Center > 1. Journal Articles
Ochang Branch Institute > Division of National Bio-Infrastructure > Laboratory Animal Resource & Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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