Genetic transformation and plant regeneration of watermelon using Agrobacterium tumefaciens

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Title
Genetic transformation and plant regeneration of watermelon using Agrobacterium tumefaciens
Author(s)
Pil S Choi; Wong Y Soh; Youn S Kim; Ook J Yoo; Jang Ryol Liu
Bibliographic Citation
Plant Cell Reports, vol. 13, pp. 344-348
Publication Year
1994
Abstract
Adventitious shoots formed on the proximal cut edges of different cotyledonary explants of watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai; cvs. Sweet Gem and Gold Medal] cultured on Murashige and Skoog's (MS) medium with 1 mgl(-1) 6-benzyladenine (BA). Light (16-h photoperiod, about 7 Wm(-2) cool-white fluorescent lamps) was essential for shoot formation. To obtain transformed plants, cotyledonary explants of 'Sweet Gem' were cocultured with Agrobacterium tumefaciens LBA4404, a disarmed strain harboring a binary vector pBI121 carrying the CaMV 35S promoter-β-glucuronidase (GUS) gene fusion used as a reporter gene and NOS promoter-neomycin phosphotransferase gene as a positive selection marker, for 48 h on MS medium with 1 mgl(-1) BA and 200 μM β-hydroxyacetosyringone. After 48 h of culture, explants were transferred to medium with 1 mgl(-1) BA 250 mgl(-1) carbenicillin, and 100 mgl(-1) kanamycin and cultured in the light. Adventitious shoots formed on the explants after 4 weeks of culture. When subjected to GUS histochemical assay, young leaves obtained from the shoots showed a positive response at a frequency of up to 16%. Preculturing cotyledonary explants on MS medium with 1 mgl(-1) BA for 5 d enhanced the competence of the cells to be transformed by Agrobacterium. Southern blot analysis confirmed that the GUS gene was incorporated into the genomic DNA of the GUS-positive regenerants. The transformed plants were grown to maturity.
ISSN
0721-7714
Publisher
Springer
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00232634
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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