Purification and characterization of an extracellular alkaline protease from Bacillus subtilis RM615

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Title
Purification and characterization of an extracellular alkaline protease from Bacillus subtilis RM615
Author(s)
S Y Moon; Tae Kwang Oh; H M Rho
Bibliographic Citation
Korean Biochemical Journal, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 323-329
Publication Year
1994
Abstract
Baci//us subtilis RM615, isolated from the house roach, produced extracellular proteases on a skim milk plate. The major protease (AprA) was purified by 80% acetone precipitation and DE and CM-cellulose chromatography. The purified enzyme had a molecular weight of 28,000 daltons on SDS-PAGE. The enzyme was inhibited by phenylmethane-sulphonyl fluoride (PMSF) and soybean trypsin inhibitor (STI), but not by ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA), o-phenanthroline, elastatinal, histidine, or leupeptin. These results indicated that it is a serine protease. This protease preferentially cleaved Leu or Arg as the Pl site. The proteolytic activity of AprA was reduced to 75% of maximum activity by treatment with 5 M urea for 1 h at 25^, and to 82% by treatment with 1% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). The protease showed high enzyme activity in a wide pH range from 6.0 to 12.0, and was stable in alkali, retaining 85% of its initial activity at pH 12.0 after 24 h incubation period at 25X1 Enzyme activity reached a maximum at approximately 6CTC- When the enzyme was incubated for 30 min at pH 11.0 (50 mM CAPS buffer, 10 mM CaCb) at 70^, the residual activity of the enzyme was 71%.
ISSN
0368-4881
Publisher
Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Metabolic Regulation Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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