Isolation of a thermophilic Bacillus sp. producing the thermostable Cellulase-free Xylanase, and properties of the enzyme = 내열성 Cellulase-free Xylanase를 생산하는 고온성 Bacillus sp.의 분리 및 효소 특성

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Title
Isolation of a thermophilic Bacillus sp. producing the thermostable Cellulase-free Xylanase, and properties of the enzyme = 내열성 Cellulase-free Xylanase를 생산하는 고온성 Bacillus sp.의 분리 및 효소 특성
Author(s)
Dae-Joon Kim; Han Jae Shin; Bon-Hong Min; Ki Hong Yoon
Bibliographic Citation
Korean Journal of (Applied) Microbiology & Biotechnology, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 304-310
Publication Year
1995
Abstract
A thermophilic bacterium producing the extracellular cellulase-free xylanase was isolated from soil and has been identified as Bacillus sp. The optimal growth temperature was 50?C and the optimal pH, 7.0. Under the optimal growth condition, maximal xylanase production was 2.2 units/ml in the flask culture. The enzyme production was induced by xylan and xylose, but was repressed by sucrose or trehalose. The partially purified xylanase was most active at 70 ?C. It was found that the enzyme was stable at 65?C for 10 hours with over 75% of the activity. The enzyme was most active at pH 7.0 and retained 90% of its maximum activity between pH 5.0 and pH 9.0 though Bacillus sp. was not grown on alkaline conditions (>pH 8.0). In addition, the activity of xylanase was over 60% at pH 10.0. At the ambient temperature, the enzyme was stable over a pH range of 5.0 to 9.0 for 10 h, indicating that the enzyme is thermostable and alkalotolerant. The activity of xylanase was completely inhibited by metal ions including Hg2+ and Fe2+, while EDTA, phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF), β-mercaptoethanol and SDS didn't affect its activity. The enzyme was also identified to exert no activity on carboxymethylcellulose, laminarin, galactomannan, and soluble starch.
Keyword
Thermophilic bacilluscellulase-free xylanasexylanase activity
ISSN
0257-2389
Publisher
Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
Type
Article
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1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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