Characterization of bovine papillomavirus (BPV) isolated from cattle papilloma = 한국소 파필로마에서 소 파필로마 바이러스의 분리 및 분석

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Title
Characterization of bovine papillomavirus (BPV) isolated from cattle papilloma = 한국소 파필로마에서 소 파필로마 바이러스의 분리 및 분석
Author(s)
W Shin; N Y Park; Jong-Seok Lim; Jae Wha Kim; In Ae Lee; Byoung Chul Park; Sue Nie Park
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Bacteriology & Virology, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 163-171
Publication Year
1995
Abstract
The papillomaviruses (PV) produce self-limiting neoplastic diseases in their natural hosts. However, in some cases, they progress into malignancies. The bovine papillomavirus (BPV) is the most oncogenic of the papilloma viruses. BPV 1 is a causative agent for bovine fibropapilloma and BPV 4 for bovine alimentary canal cancer. BPV has also served as a prototype for studies on the transformation and molecular biology of the PV. In vitro transformation assay that permitted the analysis of the viral functions involved in the induction of cellular proliferation has been developed for the BPV 1. The development of recombinant protein vaccines using bacterial and viral genes by recombinant DNA technology is one of new advanced approaches in vaccine production field. We are interested in developing diagnostic kits and vaccines for animal infectious disease agents including bovine papillomaviruses. BPV virion particles and genes are necessary for developing diagnostic technology and vaccines. Especially, BPV in vitro transformation assay that can be developed using BPV particles is necessary for the verification of the neutralizing efficacy of the vaccines. Therefore in this study we isolated BPV from its natural infection sites on cattle. Papilloma tissue surgically removed from cattle skin surface was examined and the presence of hyperplasia induced by BPV infection was confirmed histologically. The sample treated to isolate virus particles was analyzed on CsCl linear gradient solution formed by ultracentrifugation. A portion of sample having approximately 1.34 g/ml density matched for the bovine virus particle density was collected and examined for the presence of BPV capsid antigens by Western blot assay. A 58 KDa band of expected size for BPV LI major capsid protein was identified. Thus the isolation of BPV from cattle papilloma was confirmed.
ISSN
1225-2344
Publisher
Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Immunotherapy Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Critical Diseases Diagnostics Convergence Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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