Characterization of an endoxylanase produced by an isolated strain of Bacillus sp.

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Characterization of an endoxylanase produced by an isolated strain of Bacillus sp.
Jay J Lee; Kyung Soo Hahm; Ki Young Lee; Sung-Taik Lee
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 114-120
Publication Year
Microorganisms producing xylanase were screened for the enzymatic production of xylo-oligosaccharides from xylan. One of the bacteria isolated from compost produced an endoxylanase extracellularly. The bacterium was identified as Bacillus sp. according to its taxonomic characteristics examined. Xylanase production reached upto 5 U/ml after 22 h of culture in LB medium at 30°C. The xylanase was purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation and gel filtration. The molecular weight of the xylanase was estimated to be 20,400 by SDS-PAGE. Optimal temperature and pH for the xylanase activity was 60°C and 6.5, respectively. The enzyme was stable at temperatures upto 40°C and pH values from 4 to 10. The xylanase was completely inhibited by the addition of 2 mM mercury ion. Apparent Km and Vmax values for oat spelt xylan were 9.2 mg/ml and 1954 U/mg protein, respectively. For birchwood xylan, the values were 6.3 mg/ml and 1009 U/mg protein. The predominant products of the xylan hydrolysis were xylobiose, xylotriose and xylotetraose, indicating that the enzyme is an endoxylanase. Upto 85% of the initially added enzyme (2 U/ml) was bound to 50 mg/ml of the insoluble fraction of oat spelt xylan after incubation at 30°C for 30 min.
Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
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