A MADS box gene homologous to AG is expressed in seedlings as well as in flowers of Ginseng

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A MADS box gene homologous to AG is expressed in seedlings as well as in flowers of Ginseng
Youn Sung Kim; Heang Soon Lee; Mi Hee Lee; Ook Joon Yoo; Jang Ryol Liu
Bibliographic Citation
Plant and Cell Physiology, vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 836-845
Publication Year
To study the flower development of ginseng, a MADS box cDNA (GAG2) was isolated and characterized. A comparison of the deduced amino acid sequence of GAG2 with the sequences of other MADS box proteins showed higher amino acid identities with AG (71%) from Arabidopsis thaliana, which is specifically expressed in stamens and carpels of flowers than with AGL genes (30 to 60%), suggesting that GAG2 is a ginseng homologue of AG. However northern blot analysis showed that GAG2 was expressed in seedlings. As the ginseng plant grew, the expression of GAG2 was confined to flowers. In situ hybridization experiments showed that GAG2 transcripts accumulated in the three inner whorls of flowers and in the cells surrounding the developing embryo sac. Temporal and spatial differences between GAG2 expression and AG imply that GA G2 alone is not sufficient to determine the identities of sexual organs of ginseng flowers and has additional or unique functions which differ from those of AG.
AgamousFlower developmentMADS boxPanax ginseng
Oxford Univ Press
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