Purification and biochemical characterization of pullulanase type I from Thermus caldophilus GK-24

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Title
Purification and biochemical characterization of pullulanase type I from Thermus caldophilus GK-24
Author(s)
C H Kim; O Nashiru; Jung Hun Koh
Bibliographic Citation
FEMS Microbiology Letters, vol. 138, no. 2, pp. 147-152
Publication Year
1996
Abstract
A thermostable pullulanase (pullulan 6-glucanohydrolase, EC 3.2.1.41) has been purified to homogeneity from Thermus caldophilus GK-24 by chromatographic methods, including gel-filtration and ion-exchange chromatography. The specific activity of the enzyme was increased 431-fold with a recovery of 13.2%. The purified enzyme was a monomer, M(r) = 65 kDa as estimated by SDS-PAGE and gel filtration. The pI was 6.1. The enzyme was most active at pH 5.5. The activity was maximal at 75°C and stable up to 95°C for 30 min at pH 5.5. The enzyme was stable to incubation from pH 3.5 to pH 8.0 at 4°C for 24 h. The activity of the enzyme was stimulated by Mn2+ and Mg2+ ions. Ni2+, Ca2+, Co2+ ions and EDTA did not inhibit the enzyme activity. The enzyme hydrolyzed the α-1,6 linkages of amylopectin, glycogens, α,β-limited dextrin, and pullulan. The enzyme caused the complete hydrolysis of pullulan to maltotriose. The activity was inhibited by α-, β-, or γ-cyclodextrins. The N-terminal sequence [(Ala-Pro-Gln-(Asp or Tyr)-Asn-Leu-Leu-Xaa-Ile-Gly-Ala(Ser)l showed some similarity to those of bacterial pullulanases.
Keyword
Thermus caldophilus GK-24Pullulanase type IThermophilic bacteria
ISSN
0378-1097
Publisher
Oxford Univ Press
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6968.1996.tb08148.x
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering Research Institute > Genome Editing Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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