Gamma radiation-induced changes of antioxidant enzymes in callus cultures of cassava(manihot esculenta crantz) = 감마선에 의한 카사바(Manihot esculenta crantz) 배양세포의 항산화효소 활성 변화

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Title
Gamma radiation-induced changes of antioxidant enzymes in callus cultures of cassava(manihot esculenta crantz) = 감마선에 의한 카사바(Manihot esculenta crantz) 배양세포의 항산화효소 활성 변화
Author(s)
Heang Soon Lee; Soon Hee You; Suk Yoon Kwon; Jae Seung Kim; Sang Soo Kwak
Bibliographic Citation
Korean Journal of Plant Biotechnology (Tissue Culture), vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 53-58
Publication Year
1999
Abstract
The gamma radiation-induced changes of antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD) and catalase (CAT) in callus cultures of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) selected as a high yield of cell line for SOD were investigated. In normal cultures, the cell growth reached a maximum at 30 days after subculture (DAS), followed by a rapid decrease with further cultures. The SOD and POD specific activities (units/㎎ protein) showed the highest at the immediately after subculture and subsequently decreased to 20 DAS, and then increased to 30 DAS, whereas the CAT activity showed the lowest at just after subculture, and it continuously increased from 15 DAS to 30 DAS, showing a good correlation with the cell growth. Irradiation of gamma-ray of 50 and 70 Gy on 7 DAS inhibited significantly the cell growth by 50% and 80% at 14 days after treatment (DAT), respectively. In the cells irradiated with 70 Gy, SOD and POD specific activities increased by 4 and 2.5 folds at 14 DAT, respectively, whereas CAT activity was not affected. The results indicate that SOD and POD may be involved in the antioxidative mechanism in relation to oxidative stresses induced by subcultures and by gamma radiation in callus cultures of cassava.
Keyword
oxidative stressperoxidasesubculturesuperoxide dismutase
ISSN
1015-5880
Publisher
Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Research on National Challenges > Plant Systems Engineering Research > 1. Journal Articles
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