Isolation of a Pseudomonas sp. strain exhibiting unusual behavior of poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates) biosynthesis and characterization of synthesized polyesters

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Title
Isolation of a Pseudomonas sp. strain exhibiting unusual behavior of poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates) biosynthesis and characterization of synthesized polyesters
Author(s)
Chung Wook Chung; Yoon Seok Kim; Young Baek Kim; Kyung Sook Bae; Young Ha Rhee
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 847-853
Publication Year
1999
Abstract
A Pseudomonas sp. strain that is capable of utilizing dicarboxylic acids as a sole carbon source was isolated from activated sludge by using the enrichment culture technique. This organism accumulated polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) with an unusual pattern of monomer units that depends on the carbon sources used. Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) homopolyester was synthesized from glucose or small C(-even) alkanoic acids, such as butyric acid and hexanoic acid. Accumulation of PHB homopolyester was also observed in the cells grown on C(-odd) dicarboxylic acids, such as heptanedioic acid and nonanedioic acid as the sole carbon sources. In contrast, a copolyester consisting of 6 mol% 3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB) and 94 mol% 3-hydroxyvalerate (3HV) was produced with a PHA content of as much as 36% of the cellular dry matter. This strain produced PHAs consisting both of the short-chain-length (SCL) and the medium- chain-length (MCL) 3-hydroxyacid units when heptanoic acid to undecanoic acid were fed as the sole carbon sources. Most interestingly, polyester consisting of significant amount of relevant fractions, 3HB, 3HV, and 3- hydroxyheptanoate (3HHp), was accumulated from heptanoic acid. According to solvent fractionation experiments, the polymer produced from heptanoic acid was a blend of poly(3HHp) and of a copolyester of 3HB, 3HV, and 3HHp units. The hexane soluble fractions contained only 3HHp units while the hexane- insoluble fractions contained 3HB and 3HV units with a small amount of 3HHp unit. The copolyester was an elastomer with unusual mechanical properties. The maximum elongation ratio of the copolyester was 460% with an ultimate strength of 10 MPa, which was very different from those of poly(3HB-co-3HV) copolyesters having similar compositions produced from other microorganisms.
Keyword
Polyhydroxyalkanoateshort-chain-length PHAmedium-chain-length PHAcopolyesterPseudomonas sp. HJ-2
ISSN
1017-7825
Publisher
Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
Type
Article
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1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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