Effects of the hinge region of cecropin A(1-8)-melittin 2(1-12), a synthetic antimicrobial peptide on antibacterial, antitumor, and vesicle-disrupting activity

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Title
Effects of the hinge region of cecropin A(1-8)-melittin 2(1-12), a synthetic antimicrobial peptide on antibacterial, antitumor, and vesicle-disrupting activity
Author(s)
Song Yup Shin; Joo Hyun Kang; So Yun Jang; Kil Lyong Kim; Kyung Soo Hahm
Bibliographic Citation
BMB Reports, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 561-566
Publication Year
1999
Abstract
CA(1-8)-ME(1-12) [CA-ME], composed of cecropin A(1-8) and melittin(1-12), is a synthetic antimicrobial peptide having potent antibacterial and antitumor activities with minimal hemolytic activity. In order to investigate the effects of the flexible hinge sequence, Gly-Ile-Gly, of CA-ME on antibiotic activity, CA-ME and three analogues, CA-ME1, CA-ME2, and CA-ME3, were synthesized. The Gly-Ile-Gly sequence of CA-ME was deleted in CA-ME1 and replaced with Pro and Gly-Pro-Gly in CA-ME2 and CA-ME3, respectively. CA-ME1 and CA-ME3 showed a significant decrease in antitumor activity and phospholipid vesicle-disrupting ability. However, CA-ME2 showed similar antitumor and vesicle-disrupting activities, as compared with CA-ME. These results suggest that the flexibility or β-turn induced by Gly-Ile-Gly or Pro in the central part of CA-ME may be important in the electrostatic interaction of the N-terminus cationic α-helical region with the cell membrane surface and the hydrophobic interaction of the C-terminus amphipathic α-helical region with the hydrophobic acyl chains in the cell membrane. CA-ME3 exhibited lower antitumor and vesicle-disrupting activities than CA-ME and CA-ME2. This result suggests that the excessive β-turn structure caused by the Gly-Pro-Gly sequence in CA-ME3 seems to interrupt ion channel/pore formation in the lipid bilayer. We concluded that the appropriate flexibility or β-turn structure provided by the central hinge is responsible for the effective antibiotic activity of the antimicrobial peptides with the helix-hinge-helix structure.
Keyword
Antitumor activityCA(1-8)-ME(1-12)Helix-hinge-helix structureHinge regionVesicle-disrupting activity
ISSN
1225-8687
Publisher
Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
Type
Article
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1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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