Potent and stage-specific action of glutathione on the development of goat early embryos in vitro

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Potent and stage-specific action of glutathione on the development of goat early embryos in vitro
Chul Sang Lee; Deog Bon Koo; Nanzhu Fang; Yong Sun Lee; Sang Tae Shin; Chang Sik Park; Kyung Kwang Lee
Bibliographic Citation
Molecular Reproduction and Development, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 48-54
Publication Year
The effect of glutathione (GSH) addition on the development of 1- or 2-cell goat early embryos in vitro was examined. Embryos were collected from superovulated Korean black goat (Capra hircus aegagrus) and cultured for 6 days in synthetic oviduct fluid medium supplemented with either bovine serum albumin (BSA) or serum. Without GSH addition, almost all embryos could not develop beyond 8- to 16-cell block. However, GSH addition greatly improved in vitro development of early embryos to blastocyst stage, and its action was highly dependent on the presence and source of proteins supplemented into the culture medium. Among the protein-supplemented cultures, GSH effect was most prominent in 10% FBS-supplemented culture, in which the proportion (91%) of blastocysts developed from early embryos was much higher than that of BSA-(42-64% depending on its content) or goat serum (GS)-supplemented cultures (21%), or even than that of somatic cell-supported co-culture (60%). As well as in terms of the morphological development, mean cell number of blastocysts (185 ± 12) developed from FBS condition was significantly higher than that of blastocysts developed from any other culture conditions and moreover comparable to that of blastocysts developed in vivo (190 ± 9). The viability of these blastocysts was finally confirmed by their term development (6/12) from embryo transfer. To delineate action time of GSH during embryo develop-merit, GSH was treated at 1-day intervals through 6-days culture periods excepting the last day. In the GSH-treated embryos at day 3 of culture, which corresponds to the time of in vitro 8- to 16-cell block stage, the proportion of blastocyst was markedly increased up to 77% of cultured embryos and conversely that of the arrested embryos was decreased to 7%. In the embryos treated later, however, their developmental potency decreased abruptly. Therefore, these results clearly demonstrated that GSH could greatly improve the in vitro development of goat early embryos by specifically acting on the 8- to 16-cell block stage during in vitro development, suggesting that GSH may be one of the important regulators on the development of goat embryos in vivo.
glutathionedevelopmental blockgoat embryoblastocystin vitro
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